What is Climate Change?
Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns
that have come to define Earth’s local, regional and global climates
Climate change leads to rising seas, retreating snow and ice, and to
changes in the frequency and intensity of heat waves, precipitation, and
extreme weather events. These changes, occurring as a result of the
buildup of greenhouse gases due to human activities, are changing the
climate at a pace and in a way that threatens human health, society, and
the natural environment. Children, the elderly, and the poor are among
the most vulnerable to climate-related health effects.Climate change can be Tropical, Dry, Temperate, Continental,
The Earth’s average temperature is about 15C but has been much
higher and lower in the past. This is linked to the greenhouse
effect .In recent years rises in carbon dioxide rich human
activities such as deforestation and burning of fossil fuels
dramatically increased the level of greenhouse gases such as
carbon dioxide in he environment and consequently the rate of
This is because of the UV rays which are trapped in the
atmosphere, the heat makes the icecaps in the poles and other
glaciers around the world disappear by melting. It is a disastrous
matter for several reasons like disappearance of cities that are
under the sea level due to the increase of water level,
disappearance of habitat to many polar animals etc
Floods are caused by long term global climate change. Earth’s
lower atmosphere is becoming warmer and moister as a result of
human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. This gives the
potential for more energy for storms and certain extreme
weather events.Changes in land use, such as building houses on
flood plains and paving over natural surfaces, are making people
more vulnerable to flooding.
How we can reduce climate change?
1. Say no to plastic
No doubt plastics are harmful, not only for the health of humans
but also for biodiversity. By reducing the amount of plastic you use
(especially that you dispose of), will go a long way to helping out.
2. Switch to electric cars
The switch to electric vehicles has become a cost-effective way of
conserving energy. The prices of vehicles and installing a home-
based charging station is going down, and the availability of
charging stations on the road, including fast-charging stations is
3. Reduce food waste
Almost one-third of the food produced by farmers is thrown away.
The numbers seem quite alarming as almost one in nine people on
the planet have limited access to food.
4.Stop chopping down the forests
The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change,
desertification, soil erosion, less crop yield, flooding, increased
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, as well as harming the lives
and livelihoods of local and indigenous people.
4. Renewables to the rescue
Replacing fossil fuels with sustainable and renewable energy is
always a good idea in this day and age. The use of solar panels, for
example, would save thousands of megawatts of electricity if lots of